Harnessing Microorganisms for Sustainable Agriculture: Promoting Environmental Protection and Soil Health

Priya Srivastava

Department of Zoology, St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi, India.

Alongba Jamir

Guest Faculty, Department of Soil and Water Conservation, SAS, Nagaland University, India.

Sentirenla Jamir

Department of Horticulture, SAS, Nagaland University, India.

Pragya Uikey

Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha - 482051, India.

Bal Veer Singh *

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Sulochna

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture College Garhwa, Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi, Jharkhand-834006, India.

D. R. K. Saikanth

ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X Hyderabad, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Microorganisms play a vital role in sustainable agriculture by contributing to soil health, nutrient cycling, disease suppression, and plant growth promotion. The utilization of beneficial microorganisms, such as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, mycorrhizal fungi, and biocontrol agents, offers sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives to conventional agricultural practices. These microorganisms enhance nutrient availability, stimulate plant growth, and protect crops from pests and diseases, reducing the dependence on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Moreover, their interactions with plants and the soil microbiome contribute to improved soil structure, nutrient retention, water infiltration, and carbon sequestration. The integration of microbial inoculants, biofertilizers, and biopesticides into agricultural practices can lead to enhanced crop productivity, reduced environmental impacts, and increased resilience to climate change.

Keywords: Microorganism;, PGPR, sustainable, soil health


How to Cite

Srivastava , P., Jamir , A., Jamir , S., Uikey , P., Singh , B. V., Sulochna, & Saikanth , D. R. K. (2023). Harnessing Microorganisms for Sustainable Agriculture: Promoting Environmental Protection and Soil Health. BIONATURE, 43(1), 26–29. https://doi.org/10.56557/bn/2023/v43i11851

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