Mathematical Modelling and Analyzing the Dynamics of Condom Efficacy and Compliance in the Spread of HIV/AIDS

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Published: 2024-02-03

Page: 54-65


Olopade Isaac Adesola *

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University Wukari, PMB 1020, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Sangoniyi Sunday Oloruntoyin

Department of Mathematics and Computing Science Education, Emmanuel Alayande University of Education, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Philemon Musa Emmanuel

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University Wukari, PMB 1020, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Mohammed Idayat Temilade

Department of Mathematics and Social Sciences, Osun State Polytechnic Iree, Nigeria.

Adeniran Gbenga Adeyemi

Department of Physical Sciences, Chrisland University, P.M.B. 2131, Abeokuta, Ogun State,Nigeria.

Ajao Saheed Oladele

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Elizade University, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Aishah Umar Mamman

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University Wukari, PMB 1020, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Adamu Abdul Kareem

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University Wukari, PMB 1020, Taraba State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The study involves a mathematical analysis of condom efficacy and compliance in the transmission of HIV/AIDS. It explores how condom use impacts the prevention of HIV/AIDS and considers other epidemiological factors affecting the progression from HIV to full-blown AIDS. The model's existence and uniqueness of solution are established, with a focus on the basic reproduction number, representing the average new infections caused by an infected individual. The analysis reveals that the disease-free equilibrium is stable when the basic reproduction number is below unity i.e., but becomes endemic otherwise, i.e.. Sensitivity analysis indicates parameters with positive values increase the reproduction number, emphasizing that the effective contact rate should not exceed 0.22 to avoid the endemic stage. Numerical simulations using MAPLE 18 software demonstrate that condom compliance reduces the dynamic spread of HIV, and targeted immunity boost controls the viral load.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, treatment, condom efficiency, condom compliance, basic reproduction number and equilibrium points


How to Cite

Adesola, O. I., Oloruntoyin, S. S., Emmanuel , P. M., Temilade , M. I., Adeyemi , A. G., Oladele , A. S., Mamman , A. U., & Kareem , A. A. (2024). Mathematical Modelling and Analyzing the Dynamics of Condom Efficacy and Compliance in the Spread of HIV/AIDS. Asian Research Journal of Current Science, 6(1), 54–65. Retrieved from https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/ARJOCS/article/view/1944

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