Main Article Content
Due to their outstanding performance indices in terms of specific stiffness (E/ρ), specific strength (σ/ρ) and electrical properties as sensors, carbon nanotube-based composites are intended to be used as a candidate material for strengthening future generation of drones. In this technology review paper, we have undertaken an investigation towards the development of an innovative lightweight and cost-effective drone made of hybrid composite materials based on a combination of standard carbon fibres coupled with continuous carbon nanotube fibres imbedded in a thermoplastic resin matrix. This technological solution is performed for the purpose of vaccinating and/or capturing wild animals without the physical intervention of a veterinary doctor. Payloads such as the video camera and the hypodermic syringe launcher are mounted on the body of the drone. The speed of the drone is required to exceed that of the fastest animal in the world, namely the cheetah (100 to 120 km/h). Beyond the technical performances, the innovative drone is intended to become the future companion of the veterinary doctor.
Ebdes H, Van Rooyen J, JG. Handbook on Capturing wild animals, In J.du.P. Bothma(Ed.), Game Ranch Management, Van Scheik, Pretoria South Africa. 2002;382–440.
Flower ME. Restraint and Handling of Wild and Domestic Animals, 3rd Ed., Wiley-Blackwell; 2021.
West G, Heard D, Caulkett N. Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia, 2nd Ed. Wiley-Blackwell; 2014.
Attaf B. Innovation of a Composite Drone for Vaccinating Dangerous Animals, CORDIS EU research results, European Commission,. 2019;125119(1):1-3. Available:https://cordis.europa.eu/article/id/125119-innovation-of-a-composite-drone-for-vaccinating-dangerous-animals-cdvda
Jones RM. Mechanics of Composite Materials, Scripta Book Company, USA; 1975.
Wang X, et al. Ultrastrong, Stiff and Multifunctional Carbon Nanotube Composites, Materials Research Letters. 2013;1(1):19-25.
Attaf B. Plaques Composites à Base de Fibres en Nanotubes de Carbone: Vibrations, Flambement, Délaminage, Ecoconception et Durabilité, Editions Universitaires Europeennes ; 2017.
Shahmoradi J, Talebi E, Roghanchi P, Hassanalianet M. A Comprehensive Review of Applications of Drone Technology in the Mining Industry, Drones. 2020;4(34):1-25. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/drones4030034
Vergouw B, Nagel H, Bondt G, Custers B. Drone Technology: Types, Payloads, Applications, Frequency Spectrum Issues and Future Developments, in Bart Custers (Ed.), The future of drone use, Springer. 2016;21-45. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-132-6
Giones F, Brem A. From toys to tools: The co-evolution of technological and entrepreneurial developments in the drone industry, Business Horizons. 2017;60(6):875-884. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2017.08.001
Attaf B. Towards the ecodesign strategy for automotive components from carbon nanotube-based composites, Int. J. Automotive Composites. 2015;1(4). Available:https://doi.org/10.1504/IJAUTOC.2015.071139
Atif R, Inam F. Reasons and remedies for the agglomeration of multilayered graphene and carbon nanotubes in polymers. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology. 2016;7:1174-1196.
Chazot CA, Hart A. Understanding and control of interactions between carbon nanotubes and polymers for manufacturing of high-performance composite materials. Composites Science and Technology. 2019;183:107795.
Kang BC, Ha T. Human-interactive drone system remotely controlled by printed strain/pressure sensors consisting of carbon-based nanocomposites. Composites Science and Technology. 2019;182:107784.
Khan A, Jawaid M, Inamuddin D, Asiri AM. Nanocarbon and Its Composite: Preparation, Properties and Application. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge: UK; 2018.
Kumar A, Sharma K, Dixit AR. A review on the mechanical properties of polymer composites reinforced by carbon nanotubes and graphene. Carbon Letters. 2021;31:149–165.
Maruyama S. Chirality and Symmetry of Nanotube; 2014. Available:http://www.photon.t.utokyo.ac.jp/~maruyama/kataura/chirality.html (Retrieved December 20, 2014).
Saito R, Fujita M, Dresselhaus G, Dresselhaus MS. Electronic Structure of Chiral Graphene Tubules, Appl. Phys. Lett. 1992;60(18):2204- 2206. Available:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.107080
Rao CNR, Satishkumar BC, Govindaraj A, Nath M. Nanotubes. Chem Phys Chem. 2001;2(2):78-105. ISSN 1439-4235. Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/1439-7641(20010216)2:2<78::AID-CPHC78>3.0.CO;2-7
Hata K, Futaba DN, Mizuno K, Namai T, Yumura M, Iijima S. Water-Assisted Highly Efficient Synthesis of Impurity-Free Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Science. 2004;306:1362. DOI: 10.1126/science.1104962
Peng H, Sun X, Chen T. Polymer Composites with Carbon Nanotubes in Alignment, in Siva Yellampalli (Ed.), Carbon Nanotubes-Polymer Nanocomposites, In Tech. 2011;231-250. DOI: 10.5772/16997
Meyyappan M, Delzeit L, Cassell A, Hash D. Carbon Nanotube Growth by PECVD: A review, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 2003;12:205-216. Available:https://doi.org/10.1088/0963-0252/12/2/312
Merkulov VI, et al. Alignment Mechanism of Carbon Nanofibers Produced by Plasma-Enhanced Chemical-Vapor Deposition, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2001;79(18): 2970-2972. Available:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1415411
Brittan AF. Modeling and Simulation of Carbon Nanotube Growth, PhD Thesis, University of Michigan; 2015.
Leborgne C. Croissance de nanotubes de carbone par PECV: Exemple d’application en microélectronique; 2015. Available:https://jrpf2016.sciencesconf.org/data/pages/Leborgne_Nanotubes.pdf (Retrieved April 14, 2015).
Nassoy F, Pinault M, Descarpentries J, Vignal T, Banet P, Coulon PE, et al. Single-Step Synthesis of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Forest on Aluminium Foils, Nanomaterials. 2019;9:1590. DOI: 10.3390/nano9111590 Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111590
Hart AJ. Nanocomposites and Fibers, Lectures/Tutorials, University of Michigan, ME599-002; 2019.
Chiker Y, Bachene M, Guemana M, Attaf B, Rechak S. Free vibration analysis of multilayer functionally graded polymer nanocomposite plates reinforced with nonlinearly distributed carbon-based nanofillers using a layer-wise formulation model, Aerospace Science and Technology. 2020;104:105913.
Balasubramaniam B, Sathiyan G, Palani GS, Iyer NR, Kumar Gupta R. Fiber Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites for Structural Engineering Application, Wiley Online Library; 2019. Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527603978.mst0452