Asian Journal of Sociological Research <p><strong>Asian Journal of Sociological Research</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers&nbsp;in all aspects of sociology and related areas. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&nbsp;</p> Global Press Hub en-US Asian Journal of Sociological Research Demands and Task That Prospective Educational Administrators Need to Know for Aiding School Improvement and Governance <p>In contemporary times, the discipline of leadership research has shifted from a focus on Leaders to followers - that is forging links between (principals, headmasters) and teachers. Educational leaders have the awareness that their primary tasks and functions are not only to enhance learning outcomes, but also to assist effective governance, it how to blend the merits of centralized management devolution of power for enhancing management and school improvement. Also, the new perspective is&nbsp;&nbsp; persuading educational policy makers, administrators and managers of schools that school enhancing learning environment needs the efforts of every teacher not just a few individuals.&nbsp; It also integrates educational administrators that are result oriented, instilling hope in their staff and concentrate on aiding learning through collaboration. The current trend that education leaders need to integrate is the public-private partnership through the voucher system, to enable youths living in the slums and inner cities to have access to qualitative education. Another significant demand is the necessity to stress the retraining of principals and educational leaders to enable them undertake new responsibility in the 21<sup>st</sup> century. This demand has become imperative because they perform the roles of human resource managers to the teachers, public relation officers to the communities and counsellor to people. Switching from command and control (hierarchical skills) of the 20th century to coordination and collaboration as managerial skill has become absolutely necessary for leaders in the 21<sup>st</sup> century. The change in leadership skills constitute a fundamental challenge for educational leaders. This paper&nbsp; further emphasizes that&nbsp; educational leaders&nbsp; must&nbsp; blend integral, strategic, transformational, distributed and visionary leadership styles because they constitute the fundamental means to sustain reforms and new global trends in educational practices. The trend in the future prioritize the professional training of school heads because of enormous responsibilities placed on them for improving learning outcomes, training of teachers and retention of staff and ability to achieve result in a complex environment.</p> M. A. Mkpa M. C. Anuna Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-06-28 2023-06-28 35 47 Currency Redesign, Cashless Policy Amidst Fuel Scarcity: Evidence from Nigeria <p>Implementing cashless policies and redesigning currencies are important steps that governments can take to mitigate the effects of fuel scarcity. Fuel scarcity has become a major issue in many parts of the country, with governments struggling to maintain stable fuel supplies due to various factors such as climate change, and fluctuating global oil prices, this has led to increased pressure on governments to find alternative solutions for transportation and other energy needs. Government can effectively implement currency redesign and cashless policies amidst fuel scarcity, while minimizing potential risks and maximizing the benefits for all members of society.</p> Rabiu Maijama’a Muktari Yakubu Kabiru Saidu Musa Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-05-09 2023-05-09 25 28 Repercussions of Emerging Urban Societies in Northeast India: A Closer Look at Manipur <p>The study shows the parameters of growth and progress from urbanization point of view and analyzing the impacts of urbanization in northeast India, particularly in Manipur state. Formation of cities always attracts people from villages and the surrounding areas. Poverty, unemployment, lack of resources and comfort life are few factors that influence the migration into cities. Today, it is an important to investigate forming new cities and their possible impacts in contrast to noticing benefits and profits. In other words, it can be a question between blessings and curse behind such formations in the states like Manipur. The issue of urbanization may be discussed under five sections. First section will be focusing on the historical context of urbanization. Second section will be the theory part of urbanization. Third section will discuss the meaning of urbanization. Fourth section will describe the current trends of urbanization in northeast regions and Manipur as well. Due to urbanization, there are economic, physical, and social and government and administrative problems have been occurred in Manipur. Fifth section is concluding the whole picture of urbanization with suggesting some remedies and solutions.</p> Vanita Chawadha Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-07-17 2023-07-17 48 56 The Effects of Female Feticide on Gender Balance in India <p>The goal of the current study is to investigate the connection between female foeticide and sex ratio. In many cultures, having a child is a happy occasion because it marks the beginning of a new life with new desires. But gender does matter in some societies, and hence the arrival of a girl is viewed as a misfortune rather than a blessing. Thus, female feticide is a gender-selective abortion in which a female foetus is unlawfully aborted just because she is a girl. This phenomenon cannot be completely eradicated from society; instead, we can provide proper awareness among the people to prevent it in the future. In order to prevent infanticide and feticide, this paper makes some crucial recommendations. Such as providing free education to girls in elementary schools, improving living conditions, involving the media, etc.</p> J. Balamurugan A. P. Senthil Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-06-24 2023-06-24 29 34 Doing Proper Theological Exegesis in Sermonising: A Panacea to Heretical Preaching in Nigerian Churches <p>It is observed that the early Church experienced incredible intellects who preached heretical sermons. References are made to preachers like Sabellious, Nestorius and Arius. These preachers were renown and of vast intellectual gifts, but the sermons they preached were not exegetical because their preaching did not include the proper interpretation of the biblical text. In the same vein, history shows that these types of preachers existed in the time of Martin Luther. Today, some Nigerian Churches are being established by pastors who lack the knowledge of interpreting the Bible. Some of these Pastors do not believe in going through theological training, rather they are of the opinion that the Holy Spirit is sufficient for the interpretation of the Bible and that theological education is of no importance. Consequently, preaching of sermons that lack the basics of biblical interpretation have led some churches into formulating wrong doctrines and theological errors, which sometimes are very grave. Therefore, this article examines the importance of doing proper exegesis in sermonising in order to combat heretical preaching that has saturated churches in Nigeria. It defines theological exegesis and draws a line of demarcation between exegesis and <em>eisegesis</em>. It explains the process of exegesis and concludes with the basics of Biblical Hermeneutics.</p> Peter Adelaja Oyebanjo Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-04-10 2023-04-10 19 24 Human Development, Gender Inequality and Quality of Governance in ECO Member Countries <p>The purpose of this paper is to try to analyze the effect of gender inequality and the quality of governance on human development in ECO member countries using a panel data model over the period 2010 - 2019. The results show that gender inequality has an indirect and significant relationship with human development. Also, institutional quality indexes including corruption control, government effectiveness, and regulatory quality, rule of law, voice and accountability have a positive and significant effect on human development, so that improving the quality of governance will prevent from worsening human development. Finally, according to the findings of paper, the focus of governments in ECO member countries on improving governance and reducing gender inequality at the same time is effective on improving human development.</p> Momena Mahmoodi Majid Maddah Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-10-18 2023-10-18 57 64 The Role of Human Resource Management Skills in Enhancing Project Performance: Evidence from International NGOs in Hargeisa, Somaliland <p>Human resource management is a vital aspect of project management, as it involves planning, organizing, managing and measuring the work of people involved in a project. Studies have documented evidence of both significant and insignificant effects of human resource management skill but such studies lack empirical justification in Somaliland context. A descriptive research design was used and questionnaires were carried out. Data were collected and thereafter analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The target population of the study were 4 projects that have 30 respondents of the Save the Children employees. Multiple regressions were used to analyze the information gathered from the target population. The findings from the analysis revealed that the human resource management skills significantly predicted project performance of international NGOs in Hargeisa context (R = .641, R<sup>2</sup> =.411, p = 0.050). The study concludes and recommends that human resource management skill is key factor that influences the quality, cost, time and scope of project and significantly affects project performance. By applying effective HRM skills, project managers can improve the productivity and performance of their project teams and achieve the desired project outcomes.</p> Abdiaziz Bashiir Ambrose Kyalo Kaumbulu Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-10-30 2023-10-30 65 70 The Influence of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Commitment <p>This study investigates the association between human resource management (HRM) practices and employee commitment of Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Rivers State. Eighty (80) employees from 20 DMBs were sampled using judgmental sampling method. The data used were primary in nature and a close-ended structured questionnaire, designed in the Likert 5-point nature was used. From the 80 copies of questionnaires administered, 78 were considered valid and usable after screening. The analytical methods were both descriptive and inferential, with the descriptive statistical tools being frequencies and percentages. The Pearson product correlation method was the inferential method employed. The study established a significant positive correlation between the constructs of HRM practices (employee compensation, training, and performance appraisal) and employee commitment (with indicators of affective, normative, and continuance commitment). The study found HRM practices to be effectively related with employee commitment. It is recommended from that; periodic training for staff members should be organized to improve their human capacity and get them performing optimally.</p> Lucky-Worluh Queeneth Chimenma K. B. Bagshaw J. E. O. Oshi Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-11-24 2023-11-24 71 79 Workers’ Welfare and Organizational Effectiveness of Oil and Gas Firms in Bonny Island, Rivers State of Nigeria <p>This work was set out to find out the relationship between employee welfare and organizational effectiveness in the oil and gas firms in Bonny Island, Rivers State of Nigeria. The study considered three factors of employee welfare--Vacation policy, insurance policy, and work place safety as they relate to organizational effectiveness in the firms under review. Using the survey research design, questionnaires were administered to a sample size of 312 employees, drawn from a population of 1,425 staff of the three oil and gas firms in Bonny Island. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test the relationship of the variables under employee welfare and organizational effectiveness. The study found that all the independent variables had a direct and significant relationship with the dependent variable. The study therefore concluded that vacation policy, insurance policy and work place policy each has a direct significant relationship with organizational effectiveness and a favorable policy in each of these areas and implementation of such policy is vital for organizational effectiveness. The study recommended that employee&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; welfare should be prioritized by firms in the oil and gas sector for effectiveness and sustainable&nbsp;economy.</p> Usukoromo Ebieredou Sarah F. E. Omonzejele G. Ogbogbo Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-12-02 2023-12-02 80 95 Effects of Teacher Trainers’ Professionalism on Teachers’ Teaching Efficiency in Kenya <p>Early childhood education is the foundation of basic education in Kenya. However, the low academic performance of early childhood teacher trainees in Kenya has raised concerns among the education stakeholders. This study examined the relationship between relationship between teacher trainers’ professionalism and performance of trainee teachers in Early Childhood Development Education Centres (ECDE). Constructivism Theory of learning as proposed by Jean Piaget was used to guide the study. The concurrent triangulation design within mixed approach was adopted. Target population was 23 registered pre-primary teacher training colleges in Kisumu County comprising of 1150 teacher trainees. Simple random, saturated, and purposive sampling was used to obtain a sample size of 345 teacher trainees, 7 pre-primary coordinators’, and 23 college programs officers respectively, making a sample size of 375. Questionnaire was used to collect data from teacher trainees, while interview schedule was used to collect qualitative data from programme officers and sub county pre-primary coordinators. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze quantitative data while thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. The results of the study indicated that most of the teacher trainers of preschool trainee teachers are competent enough to carry out their duties, and that they are also competent in pedagogical skills. The study recommends that the Kenyan Ministry of Education should uphold teacher professionalism through organizing various in-service trainings, career workshops and symposiums to increase competency of teachers and their professionalism for good academic outcome.</p> Dolphine Atieno Ondiek Benson Charles Odongo Fred Odindo Osena Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-12-06 2023-12-06 96 107 The Narrative Discourse in Torto Arado and The Author’s Style <p>This article aims to analyze the social voices that manifest themselves in the novel <em>Torto Arado</em> [1] by Itamar Vieira Junior (2021). This work revolves around the lives of freed slaves in the 19th century, who live together on large agricultural properties where they dedicate themselves to work in the fields. In order to fulfill this proposal, it is based on the Bakhtinian dialogical theory, especially the concepts of style and heterodiscourse (BAKHTIN, 1984 [1929]), with emphasis on the insertion resources of the alien discourse (VOLOŠHÍNOV, V. N.1986 [1929]), explaining the social clashes faced by the characters and the position adopted by the author in the narrative structure.</p> Miriam Bauab Puzzo Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-03-29 2023-03-29 9 18 Factors Affecting the Delivery of Healthcare Services to Students on the Campuses of Nigerian Universities: A Critical Review of Literature <p>Health is a very important aspect of human and societal life. Health is widely acknowledged, in both developed and developing countries as wealth. The importance of health in economic development of any nation cannot be overemphasized. This minieview paper examined the factors affecting health care delivery services to students in the campuses in Nigerian Universities. Talcott Parson’s theory of social system was adopted as the theoretical framework. Authors reviewed in this paper outlined several factors/challenges encountered by students in a bid to securing health care services within the campuses of Nigerian universities. Some of these problems include poorly trained and motivated staffs, delayed referrals, limited health care delivery resources, poor funding etc. The situation has caused many students to suffer and to seek other means of health care like self medication with its detrimental consequences. In the light of the challenges identified, the study recommended health manpower training and adequate funding to reduce the sufferings of students in search of cost effective care services on their campuses. The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) should also be strengthened to meet the health care needs of Nigerian university students.</p> Eronini, Tochukwu Onumsinachi Nwankwo, Franklin Chibuike Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. 2023-01-05 2023-01-05 1 8