Healthy Apgar, by Caniço and Lopes – A Validation Study


Published: 2022-12-31

Page: 336-358

Hernâni Caniço *

University of Coimbra, Portugal.

Susana Lopes

UCSP Sertã, Portugal.

Rui Fernandes

USF Manuel Cunha – Health Center of S. Martinho do Bispo, Coimbra, Portugal.

Ana Cristina Rosa

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Coimbra, Portugal.

Maria Emília Nogueira

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Coimbra, Portugal.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aims: Validate the evaluation method in Person’ Health "Healthy Apgar by Caniço and Lopes", reinforcing the relevance of the method in the Person’ study (Personal Realization, Work, Friends, Society, Lifestyles, Morbidities) and Family Health. Understand the importance of the method for its timeliness and potentialities in establishing a health care plan.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out for the users of UCSP Dr. Manuel Cunha, over 18 years old, using the Apgar Healthy questionnaire. The statistical analysis was based on the descriptive and validation study, which includes the selection of items, the identification of factorial structure and the validity / reliability study, that was done by factorial analysis using Cronbach's α.

Results: In the sample of 870 respondents, mean age was 48.37 years, with a slight predominance of females. In the final classification of the questionnaire 51.6% presented a healthy Apgar, 48.2% moderately healthy and 0.2% unhealthy. The subscales with the highest scores were Work and Lifestyle. The Morbidity subgroup presented the lowest score.

Discussion: Validation process kept 112 items of the original questionnaire (85% of the total of 132 items), removed 2 complete questions (each with 5 items) and 8 scattered items and reshaped two questions.

Conclusion: Questionnaire "Healthy Apgar by Caniço and Lopes" is an updated, adapted and integrative method that brings together fundamental elements for person’ study and his / her care plan. Its validation results in an undoubted advance in Family Medicine.

Keywords: Apgar healthy questionnaire, validation, health of the person, family health, care plan

How to Cite

Caniço, H., Lopes, S., Fernandes, R., Cristina Rosa, A., & Emília Nogueira, M. (2022). Healthy Apgar, by Caniço and Lopes – A Validation Study. Asian Journal of Sociological Research, 5(1), 336–358. Retrieved from


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