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India was to achieve a goal of 109 maternal deaths due to child birth and puerperium per 100,000 live births (MMR) by 2015 as par the guidelines of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of the United Nations (UN) and the other international bodies in the year 2000. As there was progress not up to the mark in achieving the target of the MDG after a decade in many developing countries including India a further attempt as SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) was adopted at a mega conference in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. In 2012 the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), USA while prescribing their 1,000 day window mentioning the MCH condition of India was very precarious. The scientists and experts of the IFPRI were of the opinion and agreed that improving nutrition during the critical 1,000 day window is one of the best investments to achieve lasting progress in health and development of child and mother of India. Although their prescription was not only for India but for global health and development. The Global Nutrition Report 2017 (the first report published in the month of November, 2017) presented at Milan, Italy clearly gives a grim nutritional status of Indian mothers with 51 percent suffering from anemia and 22 percent overweight in addition to many other countries' situation on the global aspect. Keeping in view of so many comments from different International bodies about the poor condition of India’s mother and child, the present author tries to study only to find the reason of the high maternal mortality from the nutritional aspect of mother. In the past different contributable factors through some multivariate statistical analysis was done by the author ().
Since government of India (GOI), a signatory of the MDG tried to achieve the goal by providing inputs to its large number of geographically situated states making into different categories. Still then MMR of India came down to only 167 during 2011-2013. The present author estimated the same only around 150 in 2015, the target year of MDG applying a linear trend from the growth of the earlier period. It was further estimated as 140 in 2018.
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