Asian Journal of Research and Review in Agriculture https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA <p><strong><img src="https://globalpresshub.com/image/free-sign.gif" alt="" width="60" height="24" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Asian Journal of Research and Review in Agriculture</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers in all areas of Agriculture. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results.</p> <p style="text-align: left;"> </p> en-US Fri, 23 Feb 2024 11:11:12 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.12 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Bio-Assay Screening of Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Inbred Lines for Resistance to Striga [Striga hermonthica (Del.)] in Ethiopia https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1951 <p>The experiment was carried out to validate the reaction of sorghum inbred lines for low germination stimuli using bio-assay in the laboratory. Twenty-two (22) sorghum genotypes with two resistant checks (Gobiye and SRN-39) and one susceptible check (Teshale) were conducted in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications at National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center of Holetta. During the laboratory study, four parameters were measured among which germination rate of Striga around the host root and maximum germination distance from the host root was used as the index of resistance. Maximum germination distance (MGD), germination percentage near the host roots, germination index, and haustorial initiation percentage were recorded and significant differences were observed among the genotypes tested. Germination rate of Striga around the host root and maximum germination distance from the host root was also used as the index of resistance. Sorghum genotypes 2006 MW 6044, ETSC 300080, ETSC 300081, 05 MW 6019, ETSC 300086, 2006 MW 6123, ETSC 300003, ETSC 300082, and 05 MW 6028 induced less Striga seed germination and lower maximum germination distance, which was not significantly different from the resistant checks Gobiye and SRN-39. Out of the 22 genotypes, eight had a maximum germination distance of less than the threshold value of MGD (&lt; 10 mm) that made the genotypes of low germination stimulant of Striga. These genotypes also showed the lowest Striga germination percentage near the host root which indicated the strong and positive correlation of MGD and GP %. Therefore, these sorghum genotypes were low in pre-attachment to Striga and are said to be resistant and/or tolerant to Striga infestation and thus important in increasing production and productivity of sorghum in Striga infested areas.</p> Zeleke Legesse, Bulti Tesso, Taye Tadesse Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1951 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Calcium Chloride Treatment on Phostharvest Quality of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill), Ethiopia https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1965 <p>Tomato (<em>lycopersicon esculentum</em> Mill.) is popular and widely consumed vegetable in Ethiopia, since tomato highly perishable it encounter several problem after harvesting so postharvest handling is as critical as production practice due to delicate nature. The investigation was carried out at labratories of the Department of Horticulture at Wolaita Sodo Universty, Ethiopia to study the effect of different concentration level of calcium chloride postharvest treatment to extend shelf life, to reduce postharvest loss and maintain quality of tomato fruit. The general objective of this investigation was to investigate the effect of postharvest treatment on the extension of shelf life of tomato fruit.The postharvest treatment experiment were conducted by using a completely randomize design with four treatment and three replications. The postharvest treatment used in the experiment were set as control (T<sub>4</sub>), tomato fruit dip with (T<sub>1</sub>), 1% calciumchloride (T<sub>2)</sub>, 2% calcium chloride (T<sub>3</sub>), 3% calcium chloride for 10 minutes. Experiment was keenly observed and data were recorded at three days interval on several parameters, which include physical parameter (Weight loss, shelf life and decay). The data obtained on physical characteristics of' tomato was statistically analyzed using analysi of variance (ANOVA) and the means of different parameters was compared by least significant different (LSD) test at 5% levels probablity using DMR.</p> <p>Fruit treated with calcium chloride were significantly (p&lt;0.05) differences non treated fruits in decay and their values were higher than the controls (Table 2),Where as calcium chloride treated fruit in terms of weight loss were not significant, but their value still higher than the controls (Table 2). From this investigation 2%*w/v calcium chloride postharvest treatment on quality of tomato fruit were the best treatments.</p> Taye Buke, Semira Assen Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1965 Thu, 14 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Genetic Variability and Drought Parameters among Some Grain Sorghum Genotypes (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Using Quantitative Traits and Molecular Markers https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1975 <p>Genetic diversity is one of the main element in the enhancement of many crops, including sorghum. For that, twenty-grain sorghum genotypes were evaluated at Shandaweel Agricultural Research Station, Sohag governorate, Egypt, during the summer season of 2023 in two experiments (normal irrigation 100% and severe water stress 40% of the optimum) for assessment of the variability among these genotypes, RAPD molecular markers and drawing the phylogenetic tree using cluster analysis. The results indicated highly significant differences among the genotypes, irrigation treatments and their interaction for all traits, suggesting that these genotypes were highly variable, therefore, would respond to selection, the genotypes G3, G7, G8, G13 and G16 gave the best performance for grain yield/plant under both environments and their combined data. These genotypes will be testing in a large scale. High genetic advance as a percentage of mean (Δg%) was obtained for plant height and 1000 grain weight and moderate for days to 50% flowering and grain yield/plant. High GCV% and PCV% revealed for plant height, moderate for 1000-grain weight, and low for days to 50% flowering and grain yield/plant., this demonstrates that the genotypes have a diverse genetic background as well as the capacity to respond favorably to selection. The desirable genotypes that had high grain yield and tolerant to drought according to SSI, STI, HM, MPI, YI, SM, RP, YSI, TOL and YIX values, were genotypes G3 and G 13.</p> <p>The Results of RAPD molecular markers showed that the percent of polymorphism (%P) were between 44.44 to 77.78 with an average of 59.78%. The number of polymorphic bands ranged from 4 to 12 with an average of 6.38 bands per primer. The bands size ranged from 259 bp to 2318 bp, generated by OPA-18 and OPH-01 primers, respectively. The Polymorphism information content (PIC) values varied from 0.10 to 0.28 with an average of 0.20. While marker index (MI) varied from 0.40 to 2.76 with an average of 1.31. In this trend the results revealed that the resolving power (Rp) varied from 1.10 (OPA-18 &amp; OPAV-13) to 5.20 (OPG-09) with an average of 2.90. Single-marker analysis (SMA) indicated that three of the RAPD markers identified in this study showed significant association with the two traits viz., plant height and 1000-grain weight under normal and drought environments conditions. The cluster analysis based on RAPD and means of morphological data showed similarity coefficient values ranged from 0.64 to 0.92 with an average similarity index of 0.78. The Mantel test revealed, there was positive and non-significant correlation between the genetic distances based on phenotypic data and the similarity data based on RAPD markers, (r= 0.07, P&lt; 0.05) and (r= 0.03, P&lt; 0.05) under normal and drought conditions, respectively.</p> Bahaa A. Zarea , M.E.M. El-Sagheer, H.M. Hafez , A.Y.M. Ahmed Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1975 Mon, 18 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Spatiotemporal Vegetation Cover Change Analysis Using GIS and Remote Sensing Technologies: The Case of Ganta-Afeshum District, Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1976 <p>Biodiversity conservation through enclosure distribution to landless youth plays its own role as a means of environmental conservation, maintaining biodiversity, and as a job opportunity option for youths in the Tigray region. But its impact on vegetation cover change dynamics has not been studied yet at the distributed sites. This study aims to investigate historical and existing spatiotemporal vegetation cover dynamics before and after enclosure distribution to landless youths in some selected kebeles of Ganta-Afeshum. To do so, satellite images of Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 OLI for the years 1992 and 2020 were downloaded, respectively, and satellite image pre-processing activities were done before proceeding to the processing stage. Using Erdas Imagine and ArcGIS Pro software's Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the selected kebeles of Mugulat, Sasun, Hagereselam, and Whudet sites were computed to analyze the vegetation status of each kebele both in 1992 (before distribution) and 2020 (after distribution). Vegetation cover dynamics and change analysis from 1992 to 2020 for these kebeles were also analyzed, quantified, and mapped. The result showed that the NDVI values of Mugulat kebele ranged from 0.006 to 0.442 with a mean of 0.121 in 1992 and from 0.008 to 0.390 with a mean value of 0.142 in 2020. The NDVI values of Hagreselam range from 0.013 to 0.306 with a mean of 0.112 in 1992 and 0.008 to 0.317 with a mean value of 0.132 in 2020. In the Sasun kebele, the NDVI value ranges from 0.024 to 0.387 with a mean value of 0.153 in 1992 and from 0.005 to 0.420 with a mean value of 0.156 in 2020. And NDVI values of Wuhdet kebele range from 0.021 to 0.359 with a mean value of 0.110 in 1992, and NDVI ranges from 0.004 to 0.312 with a mean value of 0.127 in the year 2020. Generally, there is an increasing vegetation trend in both Mugulat and Hagreselam kebeles, while there is a decreasing vegetation coverage in both Sasun and Whudet kebeles. Generally, there is an increasing vegetation trend in both Mugulat and Hagreselam kebeles, while there is a decreasing vegetation coverage in both Sasun and Whudet kebeles. GIS and Remote sensing technologies are the most widely applied methods for monitoring, modelling, mapping and measuring natural resources for wise utilization and future planning. This finding serves as a base line of information for policymakers, researchers, and peasant association experts to conduct detailed investigations on vegetation cover analysis and to set future plans for conservation of biodiversity through enclosure distribution to landless youths in the region and is used as a means of biodiversity conservation, job creation and income generation for the landless youths.</p> Esayas Meresa Weldamaryam Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1976 Mon, 18 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Sexual Dimorphism in Body Weight, Morphometric and Growth Traits of Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Reared in Southern Nigeria https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1988 <p>This present study was carried out to determine sexual dimorphism in body weight, morphometric traits and growth parameters of Japanese quails <em>(Coturnix coturnix japonica)</em>. Data on body weight (BW), body length (BL), wing length (WL), thigh length (TL) and Shank Length (SL) were obtained on a weekly basis (week 1 to 7) from 120 Japanese quails. The female weights of 14.90 g and 30.39 g were significantly (P&lt;0.05) superior than 10.53 g and 21.48 g of their male counterpart recorded at weeks 1 and 2, respectively. Similarly, sex exerted significant effects (P&lt;0.05) on all linear body measurements from week 1 to week 3 except on thigh length where the influence of sex was not significant in week 3. The males grew faster than the females at all ages except between 6 – 7 weeks. The body weight gain was highest in 3 – 4 weeks (4.80 g/day for males and 4.05 g/day for females) before it started to decline. The least body weight gain was recorded between week 6 and 7 and the males value (1.37±0.32 g/day) was significantly lower (P&lt;0.05) than the female recorded (2.22±0.19 g/day). The female birds showed higher variability in body weight (17.15% - week 1, 20.40% - week 2, 14.93% - week 6 and 12.32% - week 7) than their male counterparts (7.90%, 11.48%, 10.93% and 10.85%) respectively in the same duration. From the findings, it has been concluded that sex exerts influence on morphometric traits for the first 3 weeks but these effects wane with age. The male Japanese quails grew faster than the females at all ages except between the period of 6 to 7 weeks. It is recommended that genetic parameters for male and female Japanese quails should be estimated separately.</p> Ipinnu John Akingboye, Kolawole Daniel Afolabi, Isongesit Patrick Solomon, Imaobong Albert Etang, Itorobong Friday Umoh Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1988 Tue, 02 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Physicochemical Properties and Microbiological Evaluation of Sausage Prepared from Different Proportion of Chicken and Beef https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1993 <p>The development of meat industry and meat processing has shifted from marketing of live animals and adopt value added chain in meat products. This study accessed different proportion of beef and chicken breast in sausage production. Twenty kilograms of Pectoralis major and Adductor muscle mixture using five mixing ratio between breast meat and beef. Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory properties were analyzed in this study. The analyses were carried out using SAS software while the means were separated with LSD at 5%. The influence of meat mixture on sausage was significant (P&lt;0.05) among the treatment: proximate composition indicated that treatment I (70 % chicken breast) had the highest percentage of crude protein (31.77±0.65 %) compared to the lowest percentages in treatment V (70% Beef) (27.57±0.55%); pH values were within the range of 6.16± 0.59 (III) to 6.55± 0.21 (V) (P&lt;0.05). Total Aerobic Counts for raw sausages was highest in treatment V (4.63± 0.39 cfu/g) while the lowest value was recorded in I (1.38± 0.08 cfu/g). This study confirmed that pectoralis major can be successfully used in the production of sausage with preference to the consumer acceptability and would also enhance cooking yield and nutritional values.</p> Akinleye, Sule Bamidele, Adeyemi Saheed Abimbade, Umar Musa Muhammad, Usman Grace Ojali , Jibrin Netala Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1993 Thu, 04 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Leverage of Six-hour Bovine Blood Meal on Blood Profiles of Broiler Chickens https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2000 <p>We investigated the effect of bovine blood meal (BBM) processed 6 hours post-storing on hematological and serum biochemical indices. A total of one hundred unsexed Abor Acre broiler chicks were randomly allocated into four dietary treatments of 25 birds and three replicates each in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Treatment 1 (T<sub>1</sub>) contained no bovine blood meal and served as the control while T<sub>2</sub>, T<sub>3,</sub> and T<sub>4</sub> contained 1, 2, and 3% respectively to replace fish meal in the diet formulation. Adequate warmth, feeds, and water were provided <em>ad libitum</em> while routine vaccination and necessary medication were administered during the study period (8 weeks). By the end of the experiment, three birds per replicate were selected for sample collection serving for the determination of hematological (packed cell volume; PCV, hemoglobin; Hb, rell cell counts; RBC, while cell counts; WBCs, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration; MCHC, mean corpuscular hemoglobin; MCH, and mean corpuscular volume; MCV) and biochemical indices (Urea, Alkaline Phosphatase, Cholesterol, Albumin, and Total protein). Results showed significant (P&lt;0.05) differences in PCV, Hb, MCV, WBC, neutrophils, and lymphocytes. T4 (3%) recorded the highest values in PCV (41.75%), Hb (11.00g/dl), and MCV (163.7f/l), but low values in WBC (9.94 x 10<sup>3</sup>/ul), neutrophils (42.75%), and lymphocytes (46.00%). BBM 3% produced significant impacts on birds. Bovine blood meal at 3-5% is recommended for poultry dietary formulation as it is well-tolerated and devoid of any serious challenges (diseases). Further trials with keeping duration beyond 6 hours and another processing methods are suggested.</p> Eko P. M., Afolabi, K. D., Mbaba, E. N, Akpan I P. Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2000 Mon, 08 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Participatory Varietal Selection and Agronomic Performance Evaluation of Kik-type Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Varieties in Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2009 <p>In the main cropping season of 2021, a field experiment was carried out in the Bore, Dama, and Anna Sora districts of the Guji Zone on stations and farmers' fields. The experiment's goal was to compare agronomic traits with farmer input to evaluate on-farm varieties, choose farmers' favorite varieties, and then recommend the best performing varieties for the Guji Highland field pea production regions. At the Bore Agricultural Research Center, an on-station experiment was conducted utilizing RCBD with three replications. Ten enhanced kinds that were introduced both nationally and regionally were tested and chosen based on their desirable characteristics. From each district, two farmer's fields were used, and the farmer's fields were replicated. Farmers employed a variety of factors in addition to agronomic information, such as days to blooming, plant height, pods per plant, and seed per pod, to evaluate field pea varieties. Growth habits, production performance, disease and insect resistance, marketability, and diet compatibility were the main selection criteria used by farmers. The majority of farmers chose the Burkitu variety, followed by the Bamo variety, based on the selection criteria. The analysis of the agronomic data also showed that the selected varieties for the farmers were chosen for their high yielding and other assessed qualities. Bilalo had the highest seed yield (4167 kg/ha), followed by Bamo (3312 kg/ha), and Adi (3104 kg/ha), according to the results of the combined analysis. Due to its excellent grain output, appealing seed color, large seed size, and overall preferable field performance, the Burkitu variety was chosen. These findings suggested that farmers had a thorough understanding of how to choose and decide on the chosen better varieties in comparison to the inferior types.</p> Deresa Shumi, Tekalign Afeta, Rehoboth Nuguse Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2009 Sat, 13 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Sustainable Fisheries Management Approach of Bangladesh: A Potential Blue Economy Path https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2004 <p>Bangladesh is a land of rivers and numerous waterbody all over the country. Approximately 4.70 million hectares of water sources, including oxbow lakes, floodplains, and numerous canals, are a blessing for Bangladesh. However, issues with food safety in the fisheries industry are a result of urbanization, industrial expansion, high levels of exploitation, habitat degradation, and population growth. It was discovered that many legal shortcomings, a lack of clear strategies and well-considered guidelines, an inaccessible authoritarian framework, authority disputes and non-compliance, a lack of regular legislative review, and a lack of bylaws, rules, and guidelines all contributed to the implementation of regulations, laws, and policies frequently meeting with limited success. The government of Bangladesh has implemented a number of socially conscious initiatives to address the issues, including raising fish productivity, protecting fish stocks, and managing fisheries. However, the accumulation of microplastics in the fishing industry is currently one of the main issues from the standpoint of public health.Moreover, Bangladesh's sustainable fisheries management depends on a broad criminal code. As a result, via natural management, fishing privileges have been expanded and promoted well beyond fishing.</p> Prabal Barua, Chaiti Barua Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2004 Mon, 08 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Producing Silage from Food and Agricultural Waste and Fodder Using Microorganisms: A Review https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1987 <p>Water scarcity has led to a decline in agricultural production, and many fertile land is facing a shortage of water for agricultural development. Water shortages and high prices of food and Agricultural inputs in countries are increasing the price of animal feed, poultry and aquatic animals. Therefore, the processing and improvement of the quality of waste and waste of Agricultural and food products will cause these waste materials to be used economically in rations and feeding of various livestock and poultry. The purpose of this research is to investigate the beneficial results of feeding livestock with the fermentation of Agricultural and food wastes in animal feed and economic recycling of these wastes.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong> <strong>:</strong>This research was done by studying more than 50 articles published in this field and extracting and integrating the contents.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Animal feed silage is produced by processing essential proteins and vitamins during silage fermentation. This increases the quality of healthy dairy. Usually, livestock food is stored in the spring and summer, and during the cold season of the year, it is not possible to provide fresh fodder and corn, The stored product is used to feed livestock and poultry, It is inexpensive and high nutritional value for milk and meat production and maintaining livestock health.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This method allows us to store a large amount of plants and agricultural waste for animal feed, which today is one of the most basic and important ways to provide food for livestock in the absence of fodder fresh, it is.</p> <p><strong>GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT<br /><img src="https://globalpresshub.com/public/site/images/globalpresshub/capture.png" alt="" width="683" height="374" /><br /></strong></p> <p> </p> Behzad Mohammadi, Maryam Heydari , Dorna Abdolkhani , Seyedeh Elaheh Jafari Sang Cheshmeh Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1987 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Revolutionizing the Agriculture Industry in Canada https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1991 <p>The agriculture industry in Canada is undergoing a transformational shift with the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies. This study explores the multifaceted role of AI in revolutionizing Canadian agriculture, offering insights into its impact on productivity, sustainability, and innovation. By leveraging AI-driven solutions such as precision agriculture, autonomous machinery, and predictive analytics, Canadian farmers are empowered to optimize resource allocation, mitigate risks, and improve yield outcomes. The adoption of AI not only enhances decision-making processes but also enables farmers to adapt to evolving environmental conditions and market dynamics. Furthermore, AI facilitates the development of smart farming systems that promote environmental stewardship and resource efficiency. As Canada strives to maintain its position as a global leader in agricultural innovation, the integration of AI promises to unlock new opportunities for growth, resilience, and competitiveness in the sector. This essay highlights the transformative potential of AI in shaping the future of Canadian agriculture, underscoring the importance of continued investment and collaboration to maximize its benefits for farmers, consumers, and the environment.</p> Farhang Salehi Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/1991 Wed, 03 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Integrated Soil Fertility Management for Improving Maize Production in Ethiopia https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2001 <p>The productivity of maize in potential agro-ecologies has been notified in decreasing trends, mainly because of declining soil fertility. To alleviate this production problem in the country, commercial fertilizers have been relied to boost the productivity of maize that commonly cultivated in continuous production system. The research outputs of various institutions in the country confirmed variable results because of differences in soil types, agro-ecology, varieties used and crop management systems. Maize planted using combinations of FYM, compost, biogas effluent, crops with lower rates of NP fertilizers at Bako and enriching FYM at Chiro with inorganic fertilizers gave comparable yield to the recommended NP rates. The uses of legumes as short fallows and green manuring indicated that mucuna at Bako and sesbania at Jimma, planted Legumes as precursor crop at Bako could partially or fully replace the N-fertilizer need of subsequently sown maize. At Hawassa also nine t ha<sup>-1</sup> coffees by product combined with 60 kg N ha<sup>-1 </sup>enhanced soil fertility and promised sustainable production of maize in respective location.</p> Deresa Shumi Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRRA/article/view/2001 Mon, 08 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000