Investigating the Effect of Pinching on Plant Growth, Yield and Quality of Different Varieties of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus, L.)


Published: 2023-07-06

Page: 24-33

Dipak Kattel *

Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus Ilam, IAAS, TU, Nepal.

Kedar Gajurel

Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus Ilam, IAAS, TU, Nepal.

Subash Thapa

Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus Ilam, IAAS, TU, Nepal.

Barun Panthi

Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus Ilam, IAAS, TU, Nepal.

Sabnam Subedi

Mahendra Ratna Multiple Campus Ilam, IAAS, TU, Nepal.

Bikash Khanal

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Pinching is a horticultural practice that promotes branching in plants, which boosts bushiness and flower production and, ultimately, leads to higher yields. We wanted to find the okra variety (Abhinandan and JKOH 7315) and pinching technique (no pinching, first node pinching, second node pinching, third node pinching) that would grow the best; therefore, we conducted a field experiment in the Sunsari region in eastern Nepal. From February to June 2022, we conducted the study in a farmer's field using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Our results show that the first node pinching strategy produced the largest yield (14.52 mt/ha), the most lateral branches per plant (7.21), the most pods per plant (22.08), the shortest average pod length (11.72 cm), and the smallest average pod width (1.55 cm). The Abhinandan variety also showed the best yield (13.69 mt/ha), a faster rate of seedling emergence (86.11%), and more pods per plant (20.29). Based on our findings, we advise farmers to grow the Abhinandan variety and use the first node pinching method to get a good crop stand, a greater yield (Mt/ha), and better pod quality. This study provides farmers with useful guidance by emphasizing the significance of pinching techniques and variety selection in maximizing okra output.

Keywords: Okra, pinching, variety, germination, yield

How to Cite

Kattel , D., Gajurel , K., Thapa , S., Panthi , B., Subedi , S., & Khanal , B. (2023). Investigating the Effect of Pinching on Plant Growth, Yield and Quality of Different Varieties of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus, L.). Asian Journal of Research and Review in Agriculture, 5(1), 24–33. Retrieved from


Download data is not yet available.


Kelly H, Thompson W. Vegetables Crops. New York: McGrow Hill Co; 1979.

Kashif S, Yaseen M, Arshad M. Response of okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) to soil given encapsulated calcium carbide. Pakistan journal of Botany. 2008;175.

Kumar PS, Sreeparvathy S. Studies on heterosis in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2010;1431-1433.

Eifediyi E, Mohammed K, Remison S. Effects of neem (Azadirachta indica L.) seed cake on the growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench). Poljoprivreda. 2015;46-52.

Markose S, Peter K. Review in research and vegetable and tuber crops, okra. Kerala Agricultural University, India; 1990.

El-Kader A, Shaaban S, El-Fattah M, others. Effect of irrigation levels and organic compost on okra plants (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) grown in sandy calcareous soil. Agric Biol JN Am. 2010;225-231.

Jha RK, Neupane RB, Khatiwada A, Pandit S, Dahal B, Others. Effect of different spacing and mulching on growth and yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in Chitwan, Nepal. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2018;168-178.

MoAD. statistical information on nepalese agriculture. Singha Durbar, Kathmandu, Nepal: Monitoring, Evaluation and Statistics Division ,Government of Nepal; (2020-21).

Chadha K. Hand book of Horticulture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research on Okra. India; 2002.

Olasantan F. Effect of apical debudding on growth and yield of okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus). semantic scholar; 1986.

Rajappa MR, Padma M, Prabhakar BN, Saidanaik D. Effect of growth regulators and pruning on growth and flowering of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. moench. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2020; 330-343.

Kim YS, Yoo MB, Go HS, Kim TS, Kim CH, Seong KC. Effect of pinching times on growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in rain shielding vinyl houses. Journal of Bio-Environment Control. 2015;119--122.

Olasantan F, Salau A. Effect of pruning on growth, leaf yield and pod yields of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 2008;93-102.

Kabir A. Effect of branch pruning on plant growth, fruit and seed yield in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). 2010;562-568.

Priyanka S, Monalisha B. Effect of pinching treatments on growth flowering and yield of okra cv. Pusa A4. Trends in Biosciences. 2017;3089--3092.

Deshmukh D, Babariya C, Jadav M, Mandod P. Effect of apical pinching and growth retardants on seed yield parameter of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.) cv. GO-6. Interaction. 2015;5.

Srivastava J. The mechanisms of apical dominance. New Phytologist. 1975; 497-509.

Ali A, Nabi G, Khan M, Irshad MN, Israr M, Ali S, Ali W. Pinching effects on growth and yield of okra. Pure and Applied Biology (PAB). 2021;135--145.

Takemoto D, Kimura M, Osaki M. Effects of pinching position on vegetative growth and fruiting of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Scientia Horticulture. 2007;321-327.

Lakshmi J, Gowda R, Narayanaswamy S, Shivanandam V, others. Influence of pre-flowering pinching and Maleic hydrazide spray on plant growth, seed yield and quality attributes in fenugreek. Legume Research: An International Journal; 2015.

Arif M, Ali S. Effect of pinching on growth, yield and quality of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench). Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2010;675-679.

Vasudevan S. a. Influence of pinching of apical bud and chemical sprays on seed yield and quality of fenugreek. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences; 2010.

Putterill J, Simon R, Robinson C. The role of auxin in apical dominance. Plant, Cell & Environment. 1995;1035-1044.