Assessment of Existing Palearcatic Migrant Birds in Jabel El Dayer National Park, North Kordofan State, Sudan

Main Article Content

Ahmed H. Ibrahim
Mohammed A. O. Rahom
Tigani Allam
Muneer E. S. Eltahir


This study was conducted in Jebel El Dayer National Park, North Kordofan state-Sudan during 2014 to 2018. This research aimed to identify Palearcatic migrant birds, all direction on the top of the Jebel was surveyed. The study depended on direct observation using field binocular, digital camera, (GPS) device for coordinating and bird types using manuals. Seven visits were done to cover the main areas where seven out of them represented the main entrances of the Jebel in addition to two areas on top of the mountain. Data were analyzed descriptively in Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) where frequencies, means and percentages were calculated. The results were showed in tables and figures. The results of the study showed that Palearcatic migrant bird are found in high diversity. One hundred and twenty nine (129) Palearcatic migrant bird species were recorded during this research. These species included in 14 orders and thirty seven (37) families. Showed Palearcatic migration bird species that found in all directions of the study area. There were 7 species recorded in all directions of the mountain. Regarding the abundance of Palearcatic bird species, they divided index according to Nicklaus (1987). They were 5 divisions uncommon (Un) which included 43 species represented 33.3%, rare (R) encompassed 49 species represented 38%, common (C) included 19 species represented 14.7%, very rare (VR) involved 14 species represented 10.9%, and finally the lowest abundance was very common (VC) encompassed 4 species represented 3.1%. However, frequency for years 2014 showed the highest percentage 48.4% followed by 2018 which showed 40.5% and minimum percentage was in the year 2015 showed 11.1%. It also recommend setting working plan aiming at sustainable development and optimum utilization of the resources. 

Palearcatic birds, Jabel El Dayer, ecology, biodiversity, abundance, conservation

Article Details

How to Cite
Ibrahim, A. H., Rahom, M. A. O., Allam, T., & Eltahir, M. E. S. (2021). Assessment of Existing Palearcatic Migrant Birds in Jabel El Dayer National Park, North Kordofan State, Sudan. Asian Journal of Research and Review in Agriculture, 3(2), 1-18. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


Abdalhameed SM, Nimir MB, El Jack AO. The present status of protected areas in Sudan. ARRC Scientific Conference, August 17-21. 2008;16.

Abdelhameed SM, Nimir MB. Biosphere Reserves between concept and implementation. Albuhuth. 1999;8(1):480-506. (In Arabic).

AOAD. The role of protected areas in the protection of biodiversity in Arab region. Book. Published by AOAD; 1999.

Martin TE. Food as a limit on breeding birds: a life history perspective. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 1987;18:453-487.

Smith AC, Virgl JA, Panay DI, Armstrong AR. Effects of a diamond mine on tundra-breeding birds. Arctic. 2005;58(3):295- 304.

Cody ML. An introduction to habitat selection in birds. Pp. 3-56 in habitat selection in birds (M. L. Cody, Ed). Orlando, Florida, Academic Press; 1985.

Finch DM. Relationships of surrounding riparian habitat to nest-box use and reproductive outcome in House Wrens. Condor. 1989;91:848-859.

Maurer BA. Biological diversity, ecological integrity, and neotropical migrants: new perspectives for wildlife management. Pages 24-31 in D. M. Finch and P. W. Stangel, editors. Status and management of neotropical migratory birds. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service General Technical Report RM-229; 1993.

Hamed DM, Evans SM. Seasonal changes in bird fauna at Hantub. Sudan Notes and Records. 1982;LIX:176-189.

Hamed DM. Bird Fauna in Dinder National Park, Sudan Notes and Records. 1998; 11:187-203.

Eltayeb H. Idris, Adam E, EzaIdeen A, HDM. A forest in a city biodiversity at Sunut Forest, Khartoum, Sudan. Egypt. Acad. V. Biology. Sci. C); 2012.

Korssi AMAA. Wetlands of Zalingei Area (West Sudan) as Birds Habitat. Unpublished theses Submitted to the University of Khartoum, Sudan; 2015.

Cave FO, Macdonal JD. Birds of the Sudan. Oliver and Boyd Ltd, Edinburgh London; 1955.

Nickolaus G. Distribution atlas of Sudan's Birds with notes on Habitat and Status. Bonner Zoologist momographies, Bonn. No. 25. Zoologists Frostings in statute and Museum Alexander Koenig, Germany. 1987;90-322.

Nickolaus G. Notes on some Birds new to South Sudan-Scopus. 1981;5:121-124.

Nickolaus G, Hamed DM. Birds of the Sudan (in Arabic). Translation to Arabic Tex by Hamed D. M. Produced by ICBP Migratory Birds Programmer. Publisher of Cuxhavener Nachrichten Lufthansa British Museum; 1987.

ADS, El Obeid. Executive summary of project, paper. Presented to workshop on pasture nomads into ADS Program for Sudan; 1995.

Abdalhameed SM. Assessment of biodiversity in J. Ed Dair, Northern Kordofan. WRC Report. 2000;7. (in Arabic)

Wikipedia. Mountains of Sudan; 2006. Jebel El Dair http:∕∕en.Wikipedia.Org ∕ Jebel El Dair.

Ibrahim AH. Assessment of Existing Wildlife Resources in Jabel El Dair Area, North Kordofan State, Sudan. M.Sc in Animal Production (Wildlife); 2009.

Yousif RA. Abundance, Mayas Preference and Distribution of Birds in Dinder National Park, Sudan. World's Vet. J. 2012;2(3): 27-32.