A Review of the Production of Biosurfactant and Pigmented Prodigyosin by Bacteria Serrassia marsseñes
Zahra Kahrarian *
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Infection Research Center, Kermanshah, Iran.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Surfactants or active agents are widely used in various industries. Biosurfactants are produced by a large group of microorganisms and capable of emulsifying hydrocarbons. Serrawettin biosuccinate and Prodigyosin pigment are produced by Serrasia marssness officinalis bacteria.
Object: Prodigyosin has a wide range of properties, including antibacterial, fungal, malaria, antibiotic properties, immunosuppressive and anticancer drugs, and many useful uses in the medical, pharmaceutical, dyeing and fields. In this review, the production of biosurfactant and pigmented Prodigiocin by bacteria Serrazia Marseñas and their applications in biotechnology are discussed.
Results: Due to the large volume of use, the full dependence on the import of this material, the high cost of chemical production and its side effects in order to obtain the maximum production of productivia, is necessary to optimize the conditions for growth and production. Therefore, achieving optimum conditions for the production of biosurfactant as the primary metabolite associated with the growth of the biomass can improve the production and utilization of this substance.
Keywords: Prodigyosin, biosurfactant, Serrasia marssness, serrawettin.