Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis among Women Attending Gynecology Clinic of Ruhengeri Referral Hospital

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Published: 2024-04-05

Page: 18-23


Ishimwe Alain Prudence *

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Fundamental Sciences, Ines-Ruhengeri, Rwanda and Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Remera Campus, Kigali, Rwanda and Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Kibogora Polytechnic, Rwanda.

Clementine Yamukujije

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Fundamental Sciences, Ines-Ruhengeri, Rwanda.

Hiberte Migabo

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Fundamental Sciences, Ines-Ruhengeri, Rwanda.

Hitayezu Elyse

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Kibogora Polytechnic, Rwanda.

Uwamahoro Console

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Fundamental Sciences, Ines-Ruhengeri, Rwanda.

Clarisse Uwiragiye

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Fundamental Sciences, Ines-Ruhengeri, Rwanda.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Bacterial vaginosis is among the common condition that affect reproductive tract of women worldwide. Its prevalence was found to vary worldwide. Although bacterial vaginosis prevalence is generally high in most parts of Africa and low in much of Asia and Europe.

Aim: current study aimed to study the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis among women attending Ruhengeri Referral Hospital.

Methodology: This retrospective study was carried out at Ruhengeri Referral Hospital, where data of three months (March to May 2021) from laboratory log books were used. Recorded data was analyzed by using Microsoft excel version 2016 and SPSS version 20.

Results and Discussion: The findings showed that 134(40.36%) out of 332 women were tested positive for bacterial vaginosis. It was found that bacterial vaginosis is distributed differently in reproductive aged women and post menopause woman with 40.06% and 44% respectively (P-value= 0.506). The age group of 34-44 years was observed to be more susceptible to bacterial vaginosis with 45.16% followed by age group of ≥45 years old with 44%, however, age group between 12-22 showed lower prevalence of 34.95% and group of 23-33 years shows 41.54%. Therefore, the study observed that, based on the age, bacterial vaginosis has higher prevalence in post menopause women than reproductive aged women, but they not attend laboratory at high number. In fact, they have weakened immune system. Based on this high prevalence, preventive measures and special attention should be taken to avoid bacterial vaginosis and related complications.

Keywords: Bacterial vaginosis, menopause, reproductive age


How to Cite

Prudence, I. A., Yamukujije , C., Migabo, H., Elyse , H., Console , U., & Uwiragiye, C. (2024). Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis among Women Attending Gynecology Clinic of Ruhengeri Referral Hospital. Asian Journal of Research in Medicine and Medical Science, 6(1), 18–23. Retrieved from https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJRMMS/article/view/1995

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