Anemia (Faqr al Dam) and Use of Unani Medicine: A Review


Published: 2023-12-31

Page: 93-102

M. U. Z. N. Farzana *

Unit of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics (Unani), Institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka.

I. Tharique

Ayurveda Research Hospital, Manchanthoduwai, Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The incidence of anemia is advanced in developing countries due to its health and socioeconomic difficulties. It is pigeonholed by reduced amounts of RBCs or hemoglobin level below 11 gram/dl. In conventional literature mentioned that Su Mizaj Barid wa Ratab (abnormal temperament of cold and wet) leads to the change of feature of Iron deficiency anemia, which they have defined as Su al qinya (Anemia). Unani Medicine has a rich of single drugs and compound formulations for the treatment of anemia. All the single drugs and compound formulations, those mentioned in Unani classical books for treatment of anemia have various pharmacological actions like Muwallid-I-dam (hemopoietic), Muqaww-i-mi‘da (stomachic) and Muqaww-i-kabid (heptatonic). It has been traditionally used for the treatment of anemia (Faqr al dam) since ages. Many compound formulations have been reported for its hematinic effect in recent years. The therapeutic options in faqr al dam in conventional medicine have got their own side effects and complications. Looking at the side effects of conventional therapy and complications of conventional medicine, it is need of the time to shift to an alternative system of medicine that is harmless, cost effective, non-surgical and can easily be affordable by everyone and has long lasting effects. Various classical Unani texts were reviewed. Further certain searching words “anemia”, “Red Blood Cells”, “Faqr al dam” etc. were explored in different search engines on website. The literature search in classical text for anemia were evaluated to implement in modern on and are having treasured information regarding anemia which can be instigated in present time is needed still more and it would be more validated the Unani Medicine.

Keywords: Faqr al dam, anemia, muwallid-i-dam, muqaww-i-mi‘da, muqaww-i-kabid, red blood cells

How to Cite

Farzana , M. U. Z. N., & Tharique, I. (2023). Anemia (Faqr al Dam) and Use of Unani Medicine: A Review. Asian Journal of Research in Medicine and Medical Science, 5(1), 93–102. Retrieved from


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