Flower Bud Formation in Fruit Crops

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Published: 2024-04-20

Page: 185-191

Prakash Awasthi *

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu Nepal.

Shiva Prasad Adhikari

Gokuleshwor Agriculture and animal Science College, Baitadi, Nepal.

Bibechana Paudel

Gokuleshwor Agriculture and animal Science College, Baitadi, Nepal.

Sujan Bogati

Gokuleshwor Agriculture and animal Science College, Baitadi, Nepal.

Dipesh Joshi

Gokuleshwor Agriculture and animal Science College, Baitadi, Nepal.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Flower formation is the initial step toward gaining an economic output. Fruit production starts with the formation of flower buds. A crucial stage of fructification is flowering. Flower bud formation occurs in five stages i.e. induction, initiation, differentiation, maturation, and anthesis. Flower bud formation is influenced by both internal circumstances and external environmental influences. The more the production of flower the more chance of setting fruit. Deficiencies of some hormones and nutrients causes bud dormancy which can be reduced by the help of growth hormones and some regulators which enhances complete flower formation. This paper will help to understand the basic physiology behind the flower bud formation, biochemical changes during bud formation as well as factors affecting the bud formation in fruit crops.

Keywords: Flower bud, fruit crops, meristem, reproductive, vegetative

How to Cite

Awasthi , P., Adhikari , S. P., Paudel , B., Bogati , S., & Joshi , D. (2024). Flower Bud Formation in Fruit Crops. Asian Journal of Research in Biosciences, 6(2), 185–191. Retrieved from https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/AJORIB/article/view/2020


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