Asian Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024-01-02T13:07:11+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p><strong><img src="" alt="" width="60" height="24" /></strong></p> <p><strong>Asian Journal of Medical Case Reports</strong> aims to publish case reports in the areas of ‘medical science’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal. </p> <p style="text-align: left;"> </p> A Paranoid Schizophrenia Patient Presenting with Wernicke's Encephalopathy, Case Report 2023-01-16T13:33:58+00:00 Ayşe Betül Çetin Selda Keskin Güler <p>Wernicke's encephalopathy is a medical emergency that can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early. Malnutrition is a condition that can be seen frequently, especially in psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia. In this case, we examined a patient who presented with Wenicke's encephalopathy and was diagnosed with schizophrenia when treated.</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. Post-traumatic Rupture of Bruch Membrane 2023-04-04T12:34:40+00:00 Akannour Younes El-Akhdari Meryem Khalil Mrad Louai Serghini Abdallah Elhassan Berraho Amina <p>Bruch's membrane rupture is a serious complication of ocular trauma with functional and socio-professional implications. Follow-up should be maintained to monitor complications and preserve remaining visual function.</p> 2023-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. Rectus Sternalis (Sternalis Muscle): A Rare Variant with surgical Importance: A Case Report 2023-04-08T12:35:54+00:00 Takutoshi Inoue Toru Yamamoto <p>The rectus sternalis is a relatively common anatomical deformity encountered in anatomical practice, occasionally present in humans, and well known to anatomists. This muscle may be incidentally discovered during oral and maxillofacial surgery because myocutaneous flaps (pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap, delto-pectoral flap) in the thoracic region are often utilized for reconstruction after resection of malignant tumors. In this report, we present a case involving an 82-year-old man with large bilateral rectus sternalis. The purpose of presenting this case is to remind us of the importance of anatomical knowledge in all medical procedures. This muscle is longitudinally aligned along the lateral aspect of the sternum and in front of the pectoralis major muscle. Based on its innervation, there is a consensus that the rectus sternalis may be part of the pectoralis major muscle or part of the rectus abdominis muscle. The rectus sternalis is more common in female than in male patients, and it occurs twice as often unilaterally as bilaterally. Furthermore, its incidence is dependent on sex, race, and ethnicity and is particularly high among Asians. It is important for the health care professional to identify this muscle in the early stages of clinical decision-making.</p> 2023-04-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. Breast Cancer in SCD Patient: A Case Report and Literature Review 2023-06-03T13:29:21+00:00 Entisar Al-Zaman Aysha S. Al-Zaman Yahya Al-Zaman <p><strong>Background: </strong>Malignancies have been often reported among patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), with breast cancer being the most common cancer among females. However, the data available so far in the literature on the safety of oncological treatments in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) especially that they are more prone to develop serious and even life-threatening treatment-related complications, is very limited.</p> <p><strong>Case report: </strong>Here, we report a case of a 48-year-woman with SCD who presented with metastatic human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive breast cancer and was treated accordingly with 3 weekly pertuzumab, trastuzumab anti-HER2 monoclonal antibodies and weekly paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 days one, eight, and 15 as per the standard regimen for metastatic breast cancer [1].</p> <p>Unfortunately, the patient developed severe acute chest syndrome during the second cycle following the trastuzumab infusion requiring ICU admission; therefore, the anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody treatment was permanently discontinued. However, the patient successfully completed her paclitaxel chemotherapy cycles as planned.</p> <p>Furthermore, unlike trastuzumab, the patient tolerated lapatinib — a tyrosine kinase inhibitor against the cytoplasmic domain of HER2 — without any serious complications.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Anti-HER 2 monoclonal antibodies namely Trastuzumab and pertuzumab can precipitate acute chest syndrome in SCD patients with breast cancer.</p> 2023-06-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved. Primary Liver Sarcoma with Rhabdoid-Like Morphology in Adult 2024-01-02T13:07:11+00:00 Muhammad Azri Bin Iskandar Chik Ian Fahrol Fahmy Jaafar Azlanudin Azman <p>Liver sarcoma, an exceedingly rare subtype of liver tumors, represents less than 1% of all primary hepatic malignancies. In our case study, a 64-year-old male was diagnosed with an advanced form of liver sarcoma exhibiting a rhabdoid-like morphology. Initially, our treatment plan involved palliative transarterial chemoembolization. However, upon conducting a Hepatic/Portal Lung Shunt Study with SPECT-CT, it revealed significant lung shunting. Consequently, due to the patient's unsuitability for chemotherapy, we opted for best supportive care. Our discussions on palliative approaches for liver sarcoma underscored the formidable challenges posed by the rarity of these tumors. This rarity complicates our understanding of their true prevalence, hampers the establishment of standardized treatment protocols, and limits the feasibility of conducting comprehensive epidemiological studies. Addressing these challenges is crucial for enhancing our grasp of liver sarcoma and devising effective strategies for its management.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 © Copyright Global Press Hub. All rights reserved.