Main Article Content
Information and Communication Technology sector is significant for increasing the economic growth of a country by penetration of information technology and services in distance areas along with increasing labor productivity and foreign investment inflow. ICT sector in Pakistan is growing rapidly as it is proving valuable export earnings through services exports while the sector is also promoting other sectors including digital health services and ecommerce. The number of IT professionals and startups providing IT enabled services are increasing while the freelancing among youth is also on the rise. However to further promote this sector, Pakistan needs to provide ample opportunities in more number of cities as the existing infrastructure such as technology parks are limited mostly to large cities. Continuous professional development strategies and skills development policies are required to develop efficient human resource which will help in promoting ICT enabled services in Pakistan.
Biryukova O, Matiukhina A. ICT services trade in the BRICS countries: Special and common features. Journal of Knowledge Economy. 2019;10. Timid.
Nath HK, Liu L. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and services trade. Information Economics and Policy; 2017.
Grazzi M, Verfara S. ICT in developing countries: Are language barriers relevant? Evidence from Paraguay. Information Economics and Policy. 2012;24(2):161-171.
Ul Haq I, Ali SM, Nawaz MT. An analysis of the critical success factors in ICT sector of Pakistan. 5th International Conference on Information Management; 2019.
Arif M. ICTs and development in Pakistan: A review. Journal of Innovations and Sustainability. 2018;4(3).
UNCTAD. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development; 2020.
International Telecommunication Union; 2019.
International Telecommunication Union; 2019.
BOI. Board of Investment, Government of Pakistan; 2020.
Yasin M, Manzoor A. Impact of information and communication technologies on Pakistan’s economy and poverty. Sustainable Development Policy Institute; 2014.
Hafeez A, Shamsuddin A, Nazeer S, Saeed B. Barriers and challenges for technology transfer in ecosystem of ICT sector of Pakistan. International Conference on Technology Management, Business and Entrepreneurship; 2018.
Payonner. Global Gig Economy Index; 2019.
Touray A, Salminen A, Mursu A. ICT barriers and critical success factors in developing countries. Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries. 2013;56(7):1-17.
Bannister F, Connolly R. ICT, public values and transformative government: A framework and programme for research. Government Information Quarterly. 2014;31(1):119-128.
Commission of the European Communities Secretariat. Communication from the commission to the council and the European parliament: Better access for rural areas to modern ICTt. Brussels: Commission of the European Communities; 2009.
O’Flaherty JJ. Roadmap for ICT solutions for rural areas and maritime regions. The Roadmap for Rural ICTs. Rural-Wins; 2003.
Stewart I, De D, Cole A. Technology and people: The great job-creating machine. London, Deloitte; 2015.
Van Est R, Kool L. Working on the robot society: Visions and insights from science concerning the relationship between technology and employment. The Hague: Rathenau Institute; 2015.
Rotman D. How technology is destroying jobs? MIT Technology Review; 2013.
Vemuri VK, Siddiqi S. Impact of commercialization of the internet on international trade: A panel study using the extended gravity model. International Trade Journal. 2009;23(4):458–484.
Liu L, Nath HK. Information and communications technology and trade in emerging market economies. Emerging Markets Finance & Trade. 2013;49(6):67–87.
Choi C. The effect of the internet on services trade. Economics Letters. 2010;109:102–104.
Yushkova E. Impact of ICT on trade in different technology groups: Analysis and implications. IEEP. 2014;11(1):165–177.
Sen P. Indian software exports: An assessment. Economic and Political Weekly. 1995;30(8):19-24.
Iribarren SJ, Cato K, Falzon L, Stone PW. What is the economic evidence for mHealth? A systematic review of economic evaluations of mHealth solutions. PLoS ONE. 2017;12(2):e0175081.
Marcolino M, et al. The impact of mHealth interventions: Systematic review of systematic reviews. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018;6(1):e23.
UNCTAD. Information economy report: Unlocking the potential of e-commerce for developing countries. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development; 2015.
Jalote P, Natarajan P. The growth and evolution of India's software industry. Communications of the ACM. 2019;62(11):64-69.
Javed A. Economic impact of coronavirus and revival measures: Way forward for Pakistan. Policy Review, Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI); 2020.
Darkins, et al. Reduced cost and mortality using home telehealth to promote self management of complex chronic conditions: A retrospective matched cohort study of 4,999 veteran patients. Telemed J E Health. 2015;21(1):70-6.
Canada Health Infoway. Report on digital health: The economies of digital health; 2015.
Khalid A, Ahmed. E-commerce and globalization. Egypt: Arab Organization for Administrative Development; 2008.
Yahyaoui Naima, Yousef Maryam. E-commerce and its impact on the economics of Arab business. Algerian Journal of Economic Development. 2017;9(6):179-192.
KCCI. Ecommerce: A Plausible solution to Pakistan’s economic woes. Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry; 2019.
McKinsey. Digital finance for all: Powering inclusive growth in emerging economies. Mckinsey & Company; 2016.
GoP. E-commerce policy framework of Pakistan. Ministry of Commerce & Textile, Government of Pakistan; 2019.
Ivanov VV, Malinetsky GG. Digital economy: Myths, reality, opportunities. Russia; 2017.
Kurdyumov SP. Development of the digital economy in Russia. The program is until 2035; 2018.
World Bank; 2019.
Kagermann H, Wahlster W, Johannes H. Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative INDUSTRIE 4.0. Forschungsunion; 2013.
Schwab K. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, what it means and how to respond; 2016.
Available:https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-what-it-means-and-how- tores pond
Sahoo B, Nauriyal D. Determinants of software exports from India. International Economics and Economic Policy; 2014.
Javed A. South Asia’s services trade: Barriers and prospects for integration. International Journal of Management, Accounting and Economics. 2019;6(10).
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- Asif Javed, Prospects and Problems for E-commerce in Pakistan , Asian Journal of Economics, Finance and Management: 2020 - Volume 2 [Issue 4]