A Potential Application of Infrared Thermography (IRT) in Mediterranean Lactating Buffalo

Main Article Content

Fiorella Sarubbi
Giuseppe Grazioli
Giuseppe Auriemma
Raffaele Palomba

Abstract

Skin temperature is an important indicator of the physical and healthy status of animals. Infrared thermography (IRT) leads itself to countless applications in biology thanks to its characteristics of versatility and high sensitivity. Contactless surface temperature measurement using infrared thermography is a modern, noninvasive and safe technique of thermal profile visualization. IRT has also been used on humans and animals as a non-invasive diagnostic method for measuring physiological or pathological changes in skin temperature. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibilities of using IRT to assess the temperatures of the udder in order to a possible early diagnosis of mastitis in lactating buffalo. For the achievement of broached objectives, the measurements were carried out in a zootechnical farm located in Southern Italy. The number of lactating buffalo cows engaged in the udder experiment was 192. A FLIR i7 thermal imaging scanner was used for obtaining thermal images. Milk samples were taken on the same day as thermographic measurements after capturing thermal images. The PROCMEANS procedure was used to obtain the descriptive statistics for SCC and temperature in all category. The correlation between temperature and different categories of SCC was significantly positive. The relationship between SCC and temperature was indicated by an exponential equation [y = 35.77 (0.00024 * x)]; R2 = 0.640; <0.001]. The results suggested that thermography can be used for early detection of subclinical mastitis in buffalo.

Keywords:
Infrared thermography, buffalo cows, mastitis, somatic cell count, milk, healthcare.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sarubbi, F., Grazioli, G., Auriemma, G., & Palomba, R. (2020). A Potential Application of Infrared Thermography (IRT) in Mediterranean Lactating Buffalo. Asian Basic and Applied Research Journal, 2(2), 11-16. Retrieved from https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/ABAARJ/article/view/901
Section
Original Research Article

References

Vadlejch J, Knížková I, Makovcová K, Kunc P, Janovská I, Janda K, Borkovcová M, Langrová I. Thermal profile of rabbits infected with Eimeria intestinalis. Vet. Par. 2010;171:343-345.

Alsaood C, Syring J, Dietrich MG, Doherr MG, Gujan T, Steiner A. A field trial of infrared thermography as a non-invasive diagnostic tool for early detection of digital dermatitis in dairy cows. The veterinary Journal. 2014;199:281-285.

SPSS®. User Guide, Ver. 24.0. SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, USA; 2017.

Mlčák R, Pavelek M. Mapování teplotních polí na povrchu lidského těla pomocí termovizní kamery. In Revelling in Reference: XXVI. Conference Hydro-Termo. Herbertov. 2007;62-64.

Incropera FP, DeWitt DP. Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer. John Wiley. 2007;997.

Aksit M, Yalçin S, Özkan S, Metin K, Özdemir D. Effects of temperature during rearing and crating on stress parameters and meat quality of broilers. Poultry Science. 2006;85(11):1867–1874.

Schaefer AL, Cook N, Tessaro SV, Deregt D, Desroches G, Dubeski PL, Tong AKW, Godson DL. Early detection and prediction of infection using infrared thermography. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 2005;84:73–80.

Stewart M, Stafford KJ, Dowling SK, Schaefer AL, Webster JR. Eye temperature and heart rate variability of calves disbudded with or without local anaesthetic. Physiol Behav. 2008;93:789-797.

Knížková I, Kunc P, Gürdil GAK, Selv KC. Application of infrared thermography in animal production. J. of Fac. of Agric., OMU. 2007;22(3):329-336.

Stewart M, Webster JR, Schaefer AL, Cook NJ, Scott SL. Infrared thermography as a non-invasive tool to study animal welfare. Anim Welf. 2005;14:319–25.

Schaefer AL, Cook NJ, Bench C, Chabot JB, Colyn J, Liu T, Okine EK, Stewart M, Webster JR. The non-invasive and automated detection of bovine respiratory disease onset in receiver calves using infrared thermography. Research in Veterinary Science. 2012;93:928–935.

Nikkhah A, Plaizier JC, Einarson MS, Berry RJ, Scott SL, Kennedy AD. Infrared thermography and visual examination of hooves of dairy cows in two stages of lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 2005;88:2749–2753.

Hamann S. Molecular mechanisms of water transport in the eye. Int Rev Cytol. 2002;215:395–431.

Singh M, Ludri RS. Somatic cell counts in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) during different stages of lactation, parity and season. Asian-Australas, J. Anim. Sci. 2001;14:189–192.

Ceròn-Muñoz M, Tonhati H, Duarte J, Oliveira J, Muñoz-Berrocal M, Jurado-Gamez H. Factors affecting somatic cell counts and their relations with milk and milk constituent yield in buffaloes. J. Dairy Science. 2002;85:2885-2889.

Poikalainen V, Praks J, Veermäe I, Kokin E. Infrared temperature patterns of cow’s body as an indicator for health control at precision cattle farming. Agronomy Research Biosystem Engineering. 2012;Special Issue 1:187-194.

Polat B, Colak A, Cengiz M, Yanmaz LE, Ora H, Bastan A, Kaya S, Hayirli A. Sensitivity and specificity of infrared thermography in detection of subclinical mastitis in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 2010;93:3525-3532.

Hertl JA, Schukken YH, Schulte HF, Welcome FL, Grohn YT. The cost of generic clinical mastitis in dairy cows as estimated by using dynamic programming. J. Dairy Sci. 2008;91:2205-2214.

Metzner M, Sauter-Louis C, Seemueller A, Petzl W, Klee W. Infrared thermography of the udder surface of dairy cattle: Characteristics, methods and correlation with rectal temperature. Vet. J. 2014;199:57-62.

Kunc P, Knizkova I, Prikryl M, Maloun J. Infrared thermography as a tool to study the milking process. Agric. Trop. Subtrop. 2007;40(1):29-32.

Porcionato MAF, Canata TF, De Oliveira CEL, Santos MV. Dos udder thermography of Gyr cows for subclinical mastitis detection/termografia DoÚbere De Vacas Gir Para Detecção De Mastite Subclínica. Rev. Bras. Eng. Biossistemas. 2009;3:251-257.

Colak A, Polat B, Okumus Z, Kaya M, Yanmaz LE, Hayirli A. Early detection of mastitis using infrared thermography in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 2008;91:4244–4248.