Economic Aspects of the Demography of Russia
Sergey A. Surkov *
International Institute of Management LINK, Moscow, Russia.
Ellen G. Trofimova
Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Moscow, Russia.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The factors affecting the demographic climate in Russia are considered. It has been established that for countries of the world the birth rate depends on GDP per capita, and for Russia the dependence of this indicator on the poverty level is less pronounced. It was found that during the reporting period, the birthrate first fell, then grew, and then begins to fall again. The authors conclude that this process is significantly influenced by motivation at the expense of maternity capital.
Keywords: Fertility, economic development, maternity capital.