A Framework for Implementing Virtual Workplace in Nigerian Universities

Full Article - PDF

Published: 2023-08-08

Page: 119-128

Okpor James *

Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Apeh T. Simon

University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Orukpe E. Patience

University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Chinda Francis Emmanuel

Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The recent advancement in information and communication technology has altered all aspects of life including the education sector through e-learning, virtual Labs, and elibrary. The globalization of the education sector is moving at an alarming rate; students receive lectures online, and staff performs their work outside the university campuses. This has been made possible through the utilization of computer applications, communication and collaboration tools. The adoption of virtual work in Nigerian education sector will help in solving some of the challenges confronting Nigerian universities such as inadequate hostel accommodation for students often resulting in overcrowding in students’ rooms, long time taken by staff to commute to and from work daily due to non-availability of houses within the university campus, traffic congestion and vehicular emission within the university campus and environ, most especially during peak hours due to increased private vehicle usage by both staff and students. Notwithstanding the benefits that Nigerian universities can derive from virtual workplace implementation, research on virtual workplace in Nigeria has been limited. There is currently a dearth of theoretical and empirical research as regards the planning and implementation of a virtual workplace in Nigeria. The lack of a virtual workplace implementation framework in Nigeria might hinder the uptake of this emerging work process in the country. Therefore, a suitable framework specifically tailored towards the successful implementation of a virtual workplace in Nigerian Universities was proposed. The framework is structured into two main components namely: virtual workplace implementation process, and the university virtual workplace application architecture. The proposed framework for virtual workplace implementation in Nigerian universities highlights key steps, barriers and the required technological tools. Finally, the developed framework will facilitate the implementation of virtual workplace in Nigerian Universities.

Keywords: Framework, Nigerian Universities, remote work, telecommuting, teleworking, virtual workplace.

How to Cite

James , O., Simon , A. T., Patience , O. E., & Emmanuel , C. F. (2023). A Framework for Implementing Virtual Workplace in Nigerian Universities. Asian Basic and Applied Research Journal, 5(1), 119–128. Retrieved from https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/ABAARJ/article/view/1846


Download data is not yet available.


Kaur J. Service oriented architecture adoption in e-education system. International Journal of Computer Science and Communication. 2011;2(2):435-438.

EUA. Universities without walls a vision for 2030. European University Association. 2021:1-12.

Percival J, Muirhead B. Can telecommuting work in a traditional university environment? Exploring perspectives of deans and senior administrators. International Technology Education and Development Conference. 2011:1-12.

Widar L, Heiden M, Boman E, Wiitavaara B. How is telework experienced in academia? Sustainability. 2022;14(5745): 1-20.

Athanasiadou C, Georgios TN. Telework: Systematic literature review and future research agenda. Heliyon. 2021;7:1-18.

Barbuto A, Alyssa G, Rilee P, Nicholas R, Turner S. Telecommuting: Smarter workplaces spring 2020. The Ohio State University. 2020:1-26.

Ajayi PI. Telecommuting during the COVID-19 in Nigeria. African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. 2020;23(2):1-9.

Okpor J, Apeh ST. Modeling and analysis of framework for the implementation of a virtual workplace in Nigerian universities using coloured petri nets. In: Vasant P, Zelinka I, Weber GW. (eds) Intelligent Computing and Optimization. ICO 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Cham. 2021;1324.

Chux GI, Obianuju EO, Emem A, Charmaine HI. Experiences of academics working from home during COVID-19: A qualitative view from selected African universities. Challenges. 2022;13(15):1-18.

Adebayo MA, Abidemi KA. E-learning readiness of Nigerian universities amid COVID-19 era. Journal of applied Information Science and Technology. 2021:73-84.

Onyeukwu EP, Abiodun A, Hindu JA. Telecommuting: A panacea to COVID-19 spread in Nigerian universities. International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development. 2020;6(1):47-60.

Olorunfemi, AO. Telecommuting to improve quality-of-worklife of women workers in Lagos state tertiary institutions. Journal of Studies in Education. 2013;3(2):222-233.

Bello MO. Teleworking and the demand for office space in Lagos island, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development. 2010:241-246.

Ashaolu TA. Environmental benefits and challenges of ICT: The Lagos experience. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2011;1(6):184-188.

Gbajumo SM, Udobi OP. Telecommuting and work-life balance among oil and gas employees in Nigeria. Ilorin Journal of Human Resource Management. 2019;3:75-83.

Omoyajowo K, Ebosiem S, Akinola A, Amiolemen S, Omoyajowo K, Oriola A, Adenekan O, Raimi AG. Drivers of telecommuting policy in Nigerian organisations. International Journal of Business, Technology, and Organizational Behavior. 2021:263-275.

Richard LY. Telecommuting: Implementation for success. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 2012;3(1):20-27.

Madsen SR. The benefits, challenges, and implications of teleworking: A literature review. Culture & Religion Journal. 2011; (1):148-158.

Cascio WF. Managing a virtual Workplace. Academy of Management Executives. 2000;1(14):81-90.

Vora VP, Hani SM. Development and implementation of a telecommuting evaluation framework, and modeling the executive telecommuting adoption process. Center for Transportation Research. University of Texas at Austin, Research Report No. SWUTC/02/167505-1. 2002:1-128.

Teh BH, Patrick CHI, Yin LL, Tze SO, Yong HH. Enhancing the implementation of telecommuting (work from home) in Malaysia, Asian Social Science. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education. 2013;7(9):1-11.

Hloma X, Ortlepp K. People management implications of virtual workplace arrangements. Acta Commercii. 2006:28-38.

Kowalski BK, Swanson AJ. Critical success factors in developing teleworking programs. Benchmarking: An International Journal. 2005;3(12):236- 249.

International Labour Organization. An employers’ guide on working from homein response to the outbreak of COVID-19. 2020:1-33.

ISBN: 9789220322536

Murugiah S, Karen S. Guide to enterprise telework, remote access, and Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) security. National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-46 Revision 2. 2016:1-53.