Short Circuit and Arc Flash Study on a Microgrid Facility

Main Article Content

Konrad Erich Kork Schmitt
Cesar A. Negri
Saeed Daneshvardehnavi
Stephen Bayne
Michael Giesselmann
Sandeep Nimmagadda

Abstract

Arc flash is one of the main hazards when operating an electrical facility. Without correct Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), the operator can be subjected to severe including fatal injuries. By code, facilities are required to properly label their electrical equipment that may be accessed by any operator. While energized, the operator’s proximity to the equipment can provide the necessary potential for an arc flash accident. The labels are mainly responsible to display the equipment’s short circuit and arc flash levels, as well as the minimum PPE level required to operate it. These electrical hazard aspects become more critical in testbed facilities, usually located inside research centers and universities, where the electrical equipment is more frequently accessed by students and researchers. This paper develops complete modeling of a real microgrid testbed facility to perform short circuit and arc flash studies with the main goal to label the devices accessed by the facility’s researchers.

Keywords:
Arc flash, electrical facility, electrical hazards, microgrid, short circuit.

Article Details

How to Cite
Schmitt, K. E. K., Negri, C. A., Daneshvardehnavi, S., Bayne, S., Giesselmann, M., & Nimmagadda, S. (2021). Short Circuit and Arc Flash Study on a Microgrid Facility. Asian Basic and Applied Research Journal, 3(2), 14-23. Retrieved from https://globalpresshub.com/index.php/ABAARJ/article/view/1057
Section
Original Research Article

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Available:https://www.osha.gov/fatalities
(Accessed Jul. 30, 2020)

Dalziel CF. Dangerous electric currents. Trans. Am. Inst. Electr. Eng. 1946;65(8): 579–585.
DOI: 10.1109/T- AIEE.1946.5059386.

Bernstein T. Electrocutions and fires involving 120/240 V appliances. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 2003;39(4):1200–1204.

Doan DR, Sweigart RA. A summary of arc-flash energy calculations. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 2003;39(4):1200–1204.
DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2003.813724

IEEE1584. IEEE Guide for Performing Arc-Flash Hazard Calculations. IEEE Std 1584-2002. 2018;i–113.

N. F. P. Association. The standard for Electrical Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces, NFPA 70E; 2015.

Stacho B, Veleba J, Dudek J. Arc flash risk assessment- Overview of scope and different approaches in the US and in the EU. Proc. 2019 20th Int. Sci. Conf. Electr. Power Eng. EPE 2019;1–6.
DOI: 10.1109/EPE.2019.8778008

Ghaedi A, Dehnavi SD, Fotoohabadi H. Probabilistic scheduling of smart electric grids considering plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. J. Intell. Fuzzy Syst. 2016;31(3):1329–1340.
DOI: 10.3233/IFS-162199

Mortazavi SMB, Shiri N, Javadi MS, Dehnavi SD. Optimal Planning and Management of Hybrid Vehicles in Smart Grid. Ciência e Nat. 2015;37:253.
DOI: 10.5902/2179460x20781

Dinkhah S, Negri CA, He M, Bayne SB. V2G for reliable microgrid operations: Voltage/frequency regulation with virtual inertia emulation. ITEC 2019 - 2019 IEEE Transp. Electrif. Conf. Expo.; 2019.
DOI: 10.1109/ITEC.2019.8790615

Mueller JA, Rasheduzzaman M, Kimball JW. A model modification process for grid-connected inverters used in islanded microgrids. IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 2016;31(1):240–250.
DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2015.2476600

Nikolovski S, Mlakic D, Baghaee HR. Arc flash incident energy simulation in PV power plant connected to distribution network. Proc. Int. Conf. Smart Syst. Technol. 2018, SST. 2018;171–178.
DOI: 10.1109/SST.2018.8564710

Canha LN, Pereira PR, Milbradt R, da R. Abaide A, Schmitt KEK, de A. Antunes M. Intelligent voltage regulator to distributed voltage control in smart grids. 52nd Inter-national Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), Heraklion. 2017;1–6.

Schmitt KEK, Canha LN, Pereira PR, de A. Antunes M. A smart local voltage regulator methodology for dynamic integration between volt-var control and distributed energy resources. IEEE PES Transmission & Distribution Conference and Exhibition Latin America (T&D LA), Lima. 2018;1– 5.

Dehnavi SD, Negri C, Bayne S, Giesselmann M. Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) with a novel robust control strategy. ISA Trans., no. xxxx; 2021.
DOI: 10.1016/j.isatra.2021.04.010

Negri CA, Dehnavi SD, Giesselmann MG. Universal model of pulsed alternators using LTspice. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 2020;48(10):3435–3442.
DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2020.3017177.

Schmitt KEK, Canha LN, Martins BS, Pereira PR, de A. Antunes M. Real-time hardware-in-the-loop testbed applied to voltage control in distribution smart grids. IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technology Latin America (ISGT LA), Gramado. 2019;1–6.

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DOI: 10.5194/hess-24-5759-2020

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DOI: 10.5890/jvtsd.2019.09.004.

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DOI: 10.11114/aef.v7i3.4824

Dehnavi SBSD, Negri CA, Kork Schmitt KE, Giesselmann MG. A case study for connecting bidirectional PEV station for reactive power support to the GLEAMM prototype microgrid. IEEE Greentech; 2021.

Dehnavi SD, Shahparasti M, Simab M, Mortazavi SMB. Employing interface compensators to enhance the power quality in hybrid AC/DC microgrids. Ciência e Nat. 2015;37(357).
DOI: 10.5902/2179460x20796

Majd A, Luo R. An improved arc flash energy calculation method and its application. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 2017; 53(5):5062–5067.
DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2017.2701298